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How Are The Complications of GERD Treated?
People with complications of GERD may be treated with the same methods used to prevent reflux. Lifestyle changes, medication, or anti-reflux surgery can reduce reflux and additional damage to the esophagus. Further treatment, however, is usually needed if serious complications develop.
- Esophageal stricture and dysphagia
- Barrett esophagus and esophageal cancer
Several non-surgical procedures are available for treating
endoscopecan be used to place an uninflated balloon into the opening of the stricture. The balloon is then inflated to open the stricture and restore the channel in the esophagus.
- Surgical instruments called dilators can be inserted into the esophagus from the mouth to open the stricture. The doctor starts with small dilators, and uses larger ones until the stricture has been opened.
- If a piece of meat or other food gets trapped in an esophageal stricture, completely obstructing the esophagus so that the person is unable to swallow – even saliva, the obstruction usually can be removed using an endoscope.
- Very rarely surgery is required to bypass the blockage
Doctors should advise individuals with