Endometriosis: Putting It All Together

Here is a summary of the important facts and information related to endometriosis.

  • Endometriosis is a disorder in which the type of tissue with lines the uterus grows outside the uterus, causing inflammation and scarring that can lead to pain and/or infertility.
  • Endometriosis is found most commonly on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the outside of the uterus.
  • Endometriosis can cause no symptoms, mild symptoms, or severe pain. Pain often occurs during a woman’s menstrual period or during intercourse.
  • Endometriosis is usually diagnosed by laparoscopy, a procedure in which a small incision is made and a viewing tube inserted so that any misplaced endometrial tissue can be seen.
  • In recent years there have been many important advances in the medical and surgical treatment of endometriosis.
  • In most women, endometriosis is mild and can be successfully treated with medication. Women with moderate or severe endometriosis often need surgery.
  • Endometriosis is a cause of infertility; however, treatments are available that can enable many women with the condition to become pregnant.

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