Smoking: How To Stop: GlossaryTuesday, April 24, 2012 - 15:17
Here are definitions of medical terms related to smoking and how to stop:
Acetylcholine: A neurotransmitter, or chemical in the brain that carries information between nerve cells.
Addiction: A strong dependence on a drug.
Arteriosclerosis: A disease in which a sticky substance known as plaque adheres to the walls of the arteries, narrowing and eventually clogging them.
Bronchitis: An inflammation of airways in the lungs known as bronchi, usually caused by an infection or by smoking.
Claudication: Pain in the muscles (especially the calf muscles) during exercise caused by too little blood flow.
Emphysema: An enlargement and destruction of the tiny air sacs in the lungs known as alveoli.
Mesolimbic dopamine system: A circuit in the brain that when stimulated by certain substances, such as nicotine, can lead to intense cravings.
Neurotransmitters: Chemicals in the brain that carry information between nerve cells.
Nicotine: The substance found in tobacco that causes addiction.
Nitrosamines: Compounds found in cured meats and tobacco than can cause cancer.
Osteoporosis: A progressive disease that weakens the bones, causing them to fracture more easily.
Passive smoking: The breathing in of air that contains other people's smoke.
Peripheral vascular disease: A circulation disorder in which arteries carrying blood to the arms and legs become narrowed or clogged.
Thrombosis: Blood clots in the legs that can break off and go to the lungs causing respiratory distress or failure.
Withdrawal: Symptoms that occur after stopping a drug. Smoking withdrawal may include anxiety, irritability, insomnia, dizziness, difficulty in concentrating, fatigue, depression, and constipation.