Schizophrenia: GlossaryTuesday, April 24, 2012 - 12:44
Here are definitions of medical terms related to schizophrenia:
Antipsychotics: Medications that block receptors in the brain of the chemical messenger dopamine, which is thought to play a role in schizophrenia; these medications have the most significant impact on the symptoms of hallucinations and delusions
Delusion: False ideas about oneself or one's life
Dementia: A mental disorder characterized by a disintegration of personality, confusion, disorientation, decreased intelligence, and difficulty controlling memory, judgment, and impulses
Dopamine: A chemical messenger (neurotransmitter) in the brain that allows nerve cells to send communicate with each other
Hallucination: Seeing, hearing, feeling, tasting, or smelling something that doesn't really exist.
Illusion: A false interpretation of an external sensory stimulus, usually seen or heard, such as a mirage in the desert or voices on the wind.
Psychosis: A general term for a number of major psychiatric illnesses, including schizophrenia, in which a person incorrectly evaluates the accuracy of his or her perceptions and thoughts and makes incorrect conclusions about reality.
Tardive dyskinesia: A syndrome of involuntary movements, especially around the mouth, associated with long-term use of antipsychotic medication