Middle Ear Infections: GlossaryThursday, April 19, 2012 - 15:01
Here are definitions of medical terms related to middle ear infection.
Acute otitis media: Infection of the middle ear that comes on quickly
Adenoidectomy: Surgical removal of the adenoids (tissue in the back of the throat)
Adenoids: Glandular swellings of lymphoid tissue at the back of the nose that help protect against infection
Allergen: Any substance that causes an allergic reaction because the body recognizes it as "foreign" or "dangerous"
Allergy: An unusual response to a small amount of a foreign substance that normally does not cause a reaction in another person.
Bacteria: Microscopic organisms; they generally respond to antibiotics, unlike viruses
Chronic otitis media with effusion: A persistent inflammation of the middle ear with fluid trapped in the middle ear; also called glue ear, it is not painful
Culture: A test to see if microorganisms grow in a certain environment
Eustachian tube: The tube that connects the middle ear to the back of the throat; its function is to equalize the air pressure in the ear
General anesthesia: Putting a person to sleep for an operation
Mastoiditis: Infection of the mastoid bone, the bone behind the ear
Myringotomy: An small incision made into the eardrum to allow fluid to drain from the ear
Otitis media: The medical term for a middle ear infection
OtoLAM: A procedure in which a tiny hole is made into the eardrum using a laser
Recurrent acute otitis media: Middle ear infection that occurs repeatedly
Reye's Syndrome: A serious complication in children that may follow a viral infection or after taking aspirin; includes vomiting and drowsiness which may progress to coma and death
Rhinitis: Inflammation of the lining of the nose due to allergy
Topical anesthesia: Applying medication locally to numb that area only
Tympanocentesis: Withdrawing fluid from the middle ear using a needle
Tympanostomy: Making a hole in the eardrum to allow fluid to leak out
Virus: A microscopic organism; antibiotics have no effect on viruses