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Depression: How To Overcome It

Depression: How to Overcome It: Glossary

Wednesday, March 21, 2012 - 15:31

Here are definitions of medical terms related to depression

Aerobic exercise: Physical activity that requires extra effort of the heart and lungs to meet the body's increased demand for oxygen; examples include running, swimming, cycling, and vigorous dancing.

Biochemistry: The chemistry of living organisms and life processes.

Bipolar disorder: Also known as manic depression, this disorder involves mood swings that soar to mania, or unusual elation, and then plummet to depression.

Dysthymia: A chronic (ongoing), low-grade depression that often begins in childhood or adolescence and may last for many years in adulthood if not treated.

Neurotransmitters: Chemical messengers that carry messages or signals between the various nerves in the brain; the neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine are believed to be the chemical messengers responsible for moods and emotions.

Retina: A 10-layered tissue membrane of the eye that transmits visual impulses through the optic nerve to the brain.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): A form of depression thought to be triggered by a decrease in exposure to sunlight.

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