Glossary: BronchitisTuesday, March 20, 2012 - 17:02
Here are definitions of medical terms related to bronchitis.
Alveoli: Tiny sac-like airspaces in the lungs where carbon dioxide from the body is exchanged for oxygen from outside the body.
Bronchial tubes, bronchi: Larger air passages in the lung, usually closer to the throat
Bronchioles: Smaller air passages in the lung
Bronchoconstriction: Tightening of the muscles of the surrounding the bronchi which causes the air passageways to get smaller
Bronchodilator: A medication or other substance that causes the muscles to loosen or dilate
Cilia: Tiny hairs in the nose, bronchi and lungs that filter air and trap particles such as dust for removal.
Cyanosis: The bluish color of the skin associated with too little oxygen in the body
Dyspnea: Shortness of breath or hard, labored breathing
Macrophages: Defensive cells in the body that are capable of consuming foreign objects
Phlegm: Abnormal amounts of mucus; phlegm coughed up through the mouth is called sputum
Vaccination: Giving a killed or weakened virus or bacteria in order to stimulate the immune system to protect the person from that organism at next exposure.
Ventilation: The process of exchanging air between the lungs and the atmosphere leading to an exchange of gases in the blood.
Spirometry : A test performed by breathing into an instrument called a spirometer that records the amount of air and the rate of air that is breathed in over a specified time.
Some of the test measurements are obtained by normal breathing, and other tests require forced inhalation and/or exhalation.
Sputum: Phlegm that is coughed up from the lungs
Wheezing: Whistling sound heard when someone breaths out or in due to secretions in the larger airways or airways narrowed by mucus, bronchospasm or tumor.