Glossary: AnemiaFriday, April 12, 2013 - 17:21
Here are definitions of medical terms related to anemia.
Erythrocyte: A mature red blood cell (RBC)
Hematocrit: The volume of red blood cells in a given volume of blood.
Hemoglobin: Iron-containing pigment of the red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues.
Hemolysis: The destruction of the membrane of red blood cells.
Jaundice: A condition characterized by yellowness of the skin and whites of the eyes. It may be caused by obstruction of bile passageways, excessive destruction of red blood cells or a disturbance in the liver.
Marrow: The soft tissue occupying the cavities of many bones, including the breastbone. Marrow is of two types: red and yellow. Red marrow is found in spongy bones, yellow is found in the cavities of the long bones.
Plasma: The liquid part of the blood
Spleen: A dark red, oval organ in the upper left abdominal quadrant posterior. The spleen removes old red blood cells from circulation.
Tachycardia: An abnormally rapid heart rate, usually defined as a rate greater than 100 beats per minute.