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Diverticular Disease

Diverticular Disease - Glossary

Wednesday, March 21, 2012 - 18:48

Contributing Author: Guy Slowik FRCS

Here are definitions of medical terms related to Diverticular Disease.

Abscess: A collection of pus surrounded by damaged and inflamed tissue, usually caused by bacterial infection.

Carbohydrate: The main source of energy for all body functions, especially brain functions; major sources of carbohydrates are cereals, vegetables, fruits, rice, potatoes, legumes, and flour products.

Collagen disorders: Problems with the connective tissues of the body; collagen is a protein that strengthens the tissues in which it is imbedded.

Colon: The main part of the large intestine, responsible for absorbing water and salts from the digested products of the small intestine, and passing the digested products into the rectum for removal from the body.

Colonoscopy: Use of a flexible lighted instrument inserted through the rectum to examine the interior of the rectum and entire colon.

Colostomy: A surgical procedure in which part of the colon is attached to the skin through an opening made in the abdominal wall. A bag is attached to the skin to drain the stool.

Diverticula: Small pouches that protrude out of the normally smooth wall of the colon.

Diverticular disease: The range of conditions from diverticulosis (the asymptomatic presence of diverticula) to diverticulitis with complications.

Diverticulitis: Inflammation of one or more diverticula.

Diverticulosis: The presence of one or more diverticula.

Diverticulum: A single pouch that protrudes out of the normally smooth wall of the colon.

Fiber: The parts of plant cells that are undigested in the small intestine; fiber is important to the health of the digestive system.

Peritonitis: Inflammation of the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity.

Rectum: The terminal part of the large intestine, running from the sigmoid colon to the anus.

Sigmoid colon: The lower left part of the colon that connects to the rectum.

Sigmoidoscopy: Use of a thin flexible lighted instrument inserted through the rectum to examine the interior of the rectum and sigmoid colon.

Diverticular Disease