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Diabetes In Pregnancy

Diabetes in Pregnancy: Putting It All Together

Friday, November 8, 2013 - 13:12

Contributing Author: Guy Slowik FRCS

Here is a summary of the important facts and information related to diabetes in pregnancy.

  • Eight million women have diabetes, and one in 20 pregnant women develops gestational diabetes.
  • Diabetes in pregnancy is a cause for concern. But it doesn't necessarily mean that pregnancy will be difficult, or that the chances of having a normal healthy baby are any less.
  • By testing your blood glucose levels, following your food plan, and exercising regularly, you and your health care team can work together to lower your high blood sugar levels.
  • Up to 50 percent of women with gestational diabetes will develop permanent type 2 diabetes within 10 to 15 years.
  • Risk factors for gestational diabetes include:
    • Family history
    • Previous diagnosis of gestational diabetes
    • Previous stillbirth or live birth of a baby over nine lbs.
    • Obesity
    • Age over 25
    • African American, Hispanic, or Native American
  • Women with pre-existing diabetes should be tested for various long-term complications, such as vision impairment, heart disease or reduced kidney function, before becoming pregnant. Pregnancy can make them worse.
  • Risks to both mother and baby are significantly reduced when blood glucose is controlled throughout the pregnancy.
  • A mother's diabetes will not cause her baby to be diabetic, but the child is at an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Diabetes In Pregnancy