Glossary: AcneThursday, March 15, 2012 - 21:00
Here are definitions of medical terms related to acne.
Accutane: a synthetic derivative of vitamin A
Acne: a skin disease caused by overactive oil glands
Adrenal glands: two endocrine glands, one located above each kidney, that secrete hormones
Androgens: steroid hormones responsible for the development and maintenance of male physical characteristics
Antibiotics: substances that prevent growth of microorganisms
Astringents: a substance that causes tissue to dry and shrink by reducing its ability to absorb water.
Bacteria: unicellular microorganisms that occupy a wide variety of niches, including the human body
Blackheads: dark formations on the skin due to an accumulated mixture of oil and cells in a blocked skin pore; the pore is clogged close to the surface of the skin
Cholesterol: animal sterol that is present in all tissues of the human body but highly concentrated in the blood, bile, gallstones, and the brain.
Collagen: a fibrous protein present in the human bone, cartilage and connective tissue
Contraceptive: a chemical agent or device that prevents conception or pregnancy.
Cyst: a closed sac beneath the skin or deeper that contains fluid or semisolid substances.
Dermabrasion: a "scrub brush" type of operation to smooth out the scars due to pits
Dermatologists: a physician who specializes in diseases and care of the skin
Endocrine disorders: diseases that affect the secretion by endocrine glands
Endocrine glands: glands in the body, such as the adrenal, that secrete hormones (chemical messengers) directly into the bloodstream
Enzymes: proteins that catalyze chemical reactions without undergoing change themselves
Erythromycin: an antibiotic derived from the bacterium Streptomyces erythreus which is especially effective against gram positive bacteria
Excision: surgical cutting out of the affected area from surrounding healthy tissue
Follicular ducts: microscopic tubules in the skin associated with hair follicles
Heredity: the genetic transmission of characteristics from parents to offspring
Hypertrophic scars: hard upraised areas of the skin surface
Lipids: fats that constitute the principle structural material of living cells
Melanin: a dark pigment found in the skin, retina and hair.
Menstrual period: the monthly discharge of menses or blood in women
Nodules: a small knot like protuberance or node
Ortho tri-cyclen: a low-dose contraceptive
Ovaries: the two female reproductive glands that produce ova or eggs
Papule: another name for a pimple
Pigment: a substance, such as melanin, that produces a characteristic color in skin tissue
Pimple: small skin swellings sometimes containing pus
Pits: depressions on the surface of the skin.
Pock marks: another name for pits
Pore: an opening on the skin that contains a hair follicle
Propionibacterium acnes: a bacterium naturally found on the human skin that protects from infection and chemically alters skin oil
Puberty: stage in the human life when the reproductive organs reach maturity
Pustule: a small skin blister containing pus
Retin A®: the registered trademark for commercially available retinoic acid
Retinoids: Retin-A; Vitamin A acid
Scar: a mark left on the skin after a surface injury or wound has healed
Sebaceous glands: glands that are located beside hair follicles and secrete oil
Steroid: a naturally occurring fat-soluble organic compound present in bile acids, many hormones, some natural drugs, and precursor of certain vitamins
Testes: singular testis - the two male reproductive glands that produce sperm and androgens
Tetracycline: an antibiotic derived from bacteria of the genus Streptomyces
Triglycerides: fatty acids that are the basis for lipids and membrane components
Whiteheads: small flesh-or white-colored bumps due to skin pore blockage; the blockage in the pore is deeper than in a blackhead
Yeast infection-an infection spread by a fungus, often within the vagina
Zit: American slang term for pimple